Magnesium is a mineral. It is a grayish white metal. Magnesium is the second most abundant element in the human cells. Magnesium keeps the Blood Pressure normal, Bones strong, and the Heart rhythm steady. Magnesium supports Bone strength, Preservation and Remodelling. It is required for Energy production, Oxidative Phosphorylation, and Glycolysis. Magnesium Ions regulate over 300 biochemical reactions in the body. Magnesium Chloride is the most effective form of Magnesium with highest bioavailability. Absorption of Magnesium starts within 1 hour of Ingestion.
Functions of Magnesium in the Body Proper bowel function Regulates the Hormones Production of Proteins To regulate the blood sugar Relaxation of blood vessels Supports the Nervous System Regulate enzymes in the Body Helps maintain Water balance Amino acid and Protein synthesis Production and Transport of Energy Creates ATP (adenosine triphospate) Building and care of bones and teeth Supports the functioning of the Heart Contraction and Relaxation of the Muscles
Level of Magnesium in the Body 1.5 to 2.5 mg/dL ( Milligrams per deciliter )
Daily requirement of Magnesium in the Body 0 to 6 months: 30 mg 7 to 12 months: 75 mg 1 to 3 years: 80 mg 4 to 8 years: 130 mg 9 to 13 years: 240 mg 14 to 18 years (Male/Female): 410/360 mg 19 to 30 years (Male/Female): 400/310 mg Above 31 years (Male/Female): 420/320 mg 14 to 18 years (Pregnant/Lactation): 400/360 mg 19 to 30 years (Pregnant/Lactation): 350/310 mg Above 30 years (Pregnant/Lactation): 360/320 mg
Benefits of Magnesium in the Body Treats Diabetes Treats Osteoporosis Prevents Cardiovascular Diseases and Strokes Decreases the risk of developing Cancer Treats Migraines, Insomnia and Depression Regulates High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) and prevents Arrhythmia Treats Indigestion, Constipation, Dyslipidaemia, Migraine headaches and Menstrual Migraine Headache
Effects of Magnesium deficiency in the Body Nausea Fatigue Seizures Vomiting Weakness Colitis Hypocalcemia Brittle Nails Kidney Stones Loss of Appetite Hyperexcitability Muscle Contractions Rheumatoid Arthritis Numbness and Tingling Abnormal Heart Rhythms Musculoskeletal Pain and Cramps Vertigo, Ataxia, Athetoid, Lethargy, Hyperirritability and Excitability
Symptoms of Magnesium deficiency Fatigue Craving for chocolate Insomnia Delirium Numbness Anorexia Poor Memory Weight Loss Irritability Rapid Heartbeat Apathy Confusion Muscle twitching Rough and coarse skin Reduces the ability to learn Continued Muscle contraction
Effects of Excess Magnesium in the Body The Kidneys excrete excess magnesium out of the body. The chances of having high levels of Magnesium in the body are rare. Kidney Diseases increase the risk of Magnesium toxicity as the body is unable to eliminate excess Magnesium. Some diseases like Colitis, Gastroenteritis, Hyperthyroidism and Gastrointestinal Disorders are known to increase Magnesium levels in the body. High levels of Magnesium in the Body may develop the chances of Colorectal cancer.
Excess Magnesium may cause Fatigue Nausea Diarrhea Appetite Loss Muscle weakness Low Blood Pressure Irregular Heartbeat Breathing difficulty Respiratory Paralysis High doses of Magnesium can be fatal
What causes excess Magnesium in body These diseases may raise the levels of Magnesium in a body Depression Hypothyroidism Lithium Therapy Addison’s disease Milk alkali syndrome Excessive intake of Magnesium Familial Hypocalciuric Hypercalcemia
Intravenous administration of Magnesium Care should be taken with Intravenous administration of Magnesium. Consultation with Healthcare Professional is must. It may cause Sweating Flushing Hypothermia Slow Heart rate CNS depression Flaccid Paralysis Cardiac Depression Depressed Reflexes Circulatory collapse Respiratory Paralysis